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What Is Glaucoma And How Is It Treated?

What can be worse than having an eye disorder or condition? Well, not being able to determine that you actually have an eye disease till it’s too late could be perceived as lot worse! The disease in question here is Glaucoma.  Let’s first understand what exactly this diease is and how it can be treated. 

What is Glaucoma?

In simple language, it can be explained as something that directly have an impact on the optic nerve of the eye which in result slowly starts deteriorating over the period of time. This is a debilitating disease which if remain untreated can pertain long term effects on the eye vision which usually leads to permanent damage of the optic nerve and blindness.

Often, Glaucoma is associated with chronic diseases such as diabetes. However, it can affect people who are not suffering from diabetes but are older in age and those who have experienced loss of vision over the period of their lives.

 Basically Glaucoma can be classified into two versions i.e.

  • Open angle glaucoma
  • Closed angle glaucoma
Open angle glaucoma which is more common to affect people is a progressive disease and develops slowly over time. In fact, many people don’t even know that they are suffering from open angle glaucoma as it affects the eye vision at a very slow pace. It’s often hard to detect amongst younger patients.

Closed angle glaucoma occurs suddenly and often painful in nature. It directly results into rapid vision loss and usually associated with severe eye trauma condition.

Symptoms of Glaucoma

Glaucoma is hard to detect as people age, they experience some loss of vision over the years. However, if you are going for a regular or yearly eye check up then it can be caught early and treated accordingly so as to avoid long lasting damage to the vision.

Treatment for Glaucoma

Glaucoma’s treatment varies according to the age and health condition of the patients as well as the treatment methodology of the ophthalmologist. Certain doctors prescribe intraocular eye drops to help sustain the pressure in the eye which usually leads to Glaucoma.

It is very hard to reverse damage done by Glaucoma on the eye if it’s found very late. But with recent technological advancements in this field there are now in fact many innovative procedures available to treat this disease. 

Different types of laser surgery treatments for Glaucoma

Laser Peripheral Iridotomy- it builds an opening in the iris to allow fluid drainage.

Laser Cyclophotocogulation- it decreases the amount of fluid produced.

Microsurgery-this laser surgery creates a new microscopic hole in sclera to allow the fluid to drain.
A person suffering from Glaucoma should be under the care of a good and experienced ophthalmologist. Sharp sight group of eye hospitals and its team of eye specialists in Delhi, India are more than well adept to handle Glaucoma laser surgery treatment with precision. Take care of your eyes. They make the world look beautiful to you!

written by: Rinkel Kapoor

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