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Eye Diseases and the Risk of Diabetes

In our previous article we informed you about the link between the eyes and diabetic retinopathy. Diabetes which means high levels of sugar in the body, affects our eyes in more ways than one. Besides diabetic retinopathy there are some other eye disorders too that with the presence of diabetes aggravate further. People who are diagnosed with this condition are strongly advised to pay a visit to their ophthalmologist for eye checkup because many of the diabetes related eye diseases are hard to detect in early stages. With routine checkup however, the diseases can be nipped in the bud only.

High levels of sugar in the blood causes blurred vision and bulging of eyes between the people aged 25 to 75. Ideal sugar level is between 100-130 mm/dl before meal and below 180 mm/dl after meal.

Let’s have a look at these diabetes interlinked eyes diseases one by one

Cataract with diabetes- Cataract occurs when materials get accumulated in the lens of the eye which leads to reduced eyesight or blurred vision. In this disease, lens of the eye which is the most important part of it helps focus on objects gets affected. People with diabetes are more prone to get cataract.

Glaucoma and diabetes- The state of glaucoma can be defined as the situation wherein the fluids of the eyes don't drain off naturally thus causing pressure in the eyes. This pressure causes harm to the blood vessels and the optic nerve which leads to reduced vision. Glaucoma is of two types.
Open angle Glaucoma-  More common of the two, it is treated with medication either by draining aqueous or by reducing the fluid's production.
Close angle Glaucoma-Rarest of the two, it is detected only in later stages which lead to permanent loss of vision sometimes. Symptoms for glaucoma are dryness and redness in eye, itchiness, migraines, watery eyes and blurred vision.

Neovascular Glaucoma- There is another rare type of glaucoma called neovascular glaucoma which is referred to as the growth of new blood vessels in the iris and blockage of fluids in the eyes which ultimately leads to increased pressure on the eyes. Laser surgery is the only option available to treat this disease.

Diabetic Retinopathy- And then there is diabetic retinopathy perhaps the most challenging eye diseases of the all which can lead to permanent loss of vision. It is considered to be the foremost cause of blindness. Patients with diabetes are at more risk from it. Immediate medical attention is required to control this disease.
There are 3 types of diabetic retinopathy as discussed earlier i.e. background retinopathy, maculopathy and proliferative (learn more about in detail here)

Regular eye exams are a necessity given the above arguments when you are suffering from diabetes. Your eyes are at more risk with high sugar levels in your blood. Sharp Sight Centre provides a variety of treatments for Cataract, Glaucoma and Diabetic Retinopathy at affordable prices. Contact them to learn more about their special eye examinations and advanced surgical treatments for the eye.

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